Car crashes can cause serious harm, and one of the biggest concerns is brain injury. Each year in the US, many people experience brain injuries from car accidents, resulting in permanent difficulties. In this blog, we will explore the impact of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) on victims and their families.
A brain injury from a car accident, often referred to as a traumatic brain injury (TBI), occurs when there is damage to the brain because of a sudden and forceful impact during a motor vehicle collision. These injuries can vary widely in severity, ranging from mild concussions to severe, life-altering trauma.
Car accidents can cause brain injuries through a combination of physical forces and trauma to the head. Here’s how a car accident can lead to a brain injury:
When a car comes to a sudden stop or changes speed rapidly during a collision, the occupants inside the vehicle continue moving at their original speed due to inertia. This can result in the head striking a hard surface, such as the steering wheel, dashboard, windshield, or side window, causing a traumatic impact to the head.
Rear-end collisions are particularly associated with whiplash injuries. In a rear-end accident, the force of the impact can jerk the head backward and then forward rapidly, leading to a whipping motion. This sudden motion can strain and injure the neck and head, potentially causing a brain injury.
Loose objects inside the vehicle can become projectiles during a collision, striking occupants in the head and causing head injuries.
Rollover accidents can subject occupants to multiple impacts as the vehicle rolls and collides with various surfaces. These multiple impacts increase the risk of head injuries.
Airbags provide protection for individuals in cars. However, if someone is too close when the airbag deploys, it can also cause head injuries.
If a person is ejected from a car during a crash, their risk of sustaining a severe brain injury significantly increases. This is because of the impact of hitting the ground or other objects with great force.
In some cases, the primary impact during a car accident may not directly injure the head, but secondary injuries can occur. When you jerk your head quickly, it can cause the brain to move in the skull, resulting in contusions, concussions, or other brain injuries.
Seat belts prevent injuries, but during a collision, they can also cause chest or shoulder injuries due to the force exerted. In certain situations, the seat belt’s restraining force can indirectly contribute to head injuries.
In severe accidents, especially those involving large vehicles, pose a risk of collapsing or crushing the roof. This can directly impact the head and cause severe injuries.
Recognizing that the severity of brain injuries resulting from car accidents can vary widely is important. Some people have small head injuries, while others have more severe brain injuries like DAI or hematomas.
Several factors determine the extent of injuries in a car accident. Several factors influence the outcome of a car accident. These factors include the crash type, force, safety features, and the person’s seating position.
Concussions are the most common type of mild TBI resulting from car accidents. The brain experiences concussions when it jolts within the skull because of the sudden stop or impact of the accident. Symptoms may include confusion, dizziness, and memory problems. While most concussions resolve with rest, they still require medical evaluation.
A contusion is a bruise on the brain’s surface caused by the brain hitting the interior of the skull during the accident. Contusions can vary in severity and may require monitoring or surgical intervention.
The brain sustains this injury when it is injured in two places. The first is where it was hit, known as coup. The second is on the opposite side, known as contrecoup. This happens because the brain bounces inside the skull.
DAI causes severe damage or tearing to the brain’s long connecting fibers (axons). It often results from high-speed accidents and can lead to profound neurological deficits.
Car accidents can cause brain injuries when sharp objects or debris penetrate the skull and harm the brain.
Recognizing the signs of a brain injury is crucial for seeking timely medical attention and intervention. Brain injuries can vary widely in severity, and their symptoms may manifest differently in each case. Here are some common signs and symptoms that may indicate a brain injury:
Brain injuries can have different signs and symptoms based on the type, location, and severity of the injury. In some cases, symptoms may not appear immediately and could develop hours or days after the injury
Diagnosing a brain injury typically involves a combination of medical evaluation, neuroimaging, and clinical assessment. Here’s how doctors diagnose a brain injury, using scans and other diagnostic methods.
The diagnostic approach can vary depending on the severity and type of brain injury. For mild cases, a thorough clinical assessment, including neurological evaluation, may be sufficient. For serious injuries, brain scans like CT scans and MRIs are important for finding brain damage and deciding on treatment.
Diagnosing and managing brain injuries is a specialized area of medicine that is important to note. Neurologists and neurosurgeons, as healthcare providers, receive training to effectively evaluate and treat these injuries. If you suspect a brain injury following a car crash or another accident, it is crucial to promptly seek medical attention. Seeing a doctor promptly is important for obtaining an accurate diagnosis and receiving appropriate treatment.
It’s important to note that the specific treatment and recovery process will vary depending on the individual’s condition. Mild brain injuries may require rest and symptom management, while severe injuries may necessitate extensive medical and rehabilitative care.
If you were in a car accident and are suffering any of the symptoms above, call the attorneys at Favret Carriere Cronvich for a free consultation regarding your matter. We may be able to help you secure treatment and recover money from the at fault parties due to your injuries.